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Buster-Jangle Dog Test

US Military History Throughout The Years

Short bits of history you know and some you may not!

  • Operation Buster-Jangle Dog: Thursday, November 1, 1951 – The operation was a series of tests on the effects of nuclear blasts on terrain and troops. The overall operation was called Buster-Jangle with each test falling under it receiving an additional name. Operation Buster-Jangle Dog was the first of several involving the use of ground troops during and after the nuclear explosion. During the Dog portion of the operation four US Army units would be present to conduct combat maneuvers. They would initially be placed 11 km south of the blast, building gun emplacements, bunkers and digging foxholes in a defensive manner. After the bomb was detonated the troops were ordered to move closer towards the impact site. As they moved up they would observe the effect of the blast on more forward positions built and they would get as close as 900 meters from the blast site before being ordered away. Afterwards the Human Resources Research Office would gather data from troops present, focusing on the phycological experience of the troops being that close to the blast. This would be the only test during this operation were troops would move into the blast area, during other tests troops would keep farther away from the blast. Participation was not voluntary for the troops taking part, worst detail ever to get assigned to in my opinion.
  • Reduction of Force: Sunday, November 2, 1783 – Upon the end of the Revolutionary War and America gaining its independence, the Continental Army was reduced in size. General George Washington would put forth plans for a peace time army, comprised of a small regular army, a well trained militia, a system of arsenals and a training academy for officers and engineers. With the reduction in force approved by Congress, Washington would on this day issue his “Farewell Orders issued to the Armies of the United States of America” nationwide to all the Soldiers being furloughed by the reduction of forces. He would soon after say his farewells to the small group of remaining Officers in the reduced army and on 23 December would formally resign his commission as Commander in Chief.
  • First Contact: Saturday, November 3, 1917 – The US 1st Division would take part in their final stages of training with the French Army during WW1 after their arrival to Europe. One Infantry and Artillery Battalion from each Regiment would accompany a French Regiment to the front lines for 10 days. American forces holding a section of the line at Artois would be the first Americans to face direct combat in WW1. During the first morning they were on the line, a German raid would hit their lines. Three Americans would be killed with a further 16 being captured by the Germans. Soon after American Officers would inspect the unit and find it had preformed well in the face of attack. 4.7 million Americans would follow the 1st Division in France during the war, with 116,516 dying during their time in France. Over 63,000 of those deaths would come as a result of sickness and disease, the Spanish Flu taking many of those.
  • The Toll Lessens: Thursday, November 5, 1970 – The US Military Assistance Command in Vietnam would report the lowest weekly death toll of American troops in five years. 24 Americans would die during the last week, the fifth consecutive week the death toll would be under 50. Though the death toll was low, 431 Americans were still injured during the time period. Most injuries would come from mines, booby traps, mortar fire and snipers. The low death toll was a reflection of the gradual transfer of combat responsibilities to the South Vietnamese forces as America took a more defensive role in the war. During the course of the war over 58,000 Americans would die in Vietnam, their names forever inscribed on the Vietnam Veterans Memorial.

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